American Heart Association (AHA) says that exercise is the most ideal for children with congenital heart disease is a type of aerobic exercise. Sports are included in this category are walking, jogging, swimming, biking, hiking, and climbing stairs. Group or team sports such as basketball, soccer, tennis, and volleyball are also entered into the category of aerobic exercise. Why this kind of sport is considered ideal? Experts say that aerobics can help optimize the function of the heart, not just during exercise but also at rest.
AHA recommended frequency of exercise for children with congenital heart defects was about 30 minutes each day, at least 5 days a week. However, if this is considered too heavy, can be started from the target that is lighter and then increased gradually. In undergoing the aerobic exercise, the target heart rate to ensure that it is appropriate exercise intensity is approximately 70-80% of the number predicted maximum heart rate, which can be calculated as 220 minus age at this time.
Keep in mind also, children with congenital heart disease may feel tired more quickly than their peers. When in the middle of the sports they seem or say that they are fatigue, it is recommended to rest first. Afterwards, they can do these exercises with a speed or a lower intensity.
Sports is not only exciting and fun, but also can improve fitness. By doing regular exercise and a structured, children can also develop motor skills and interpersonal relationships with friends his age.