What are the symptoms of PMS?
PMS symptoms include physical and emotional symptoms. Physical symptoms can include headache, fatigue, muscle or joint pain, pain in the breast, facial acne, hard bowel movement, and so on.
The change of the emotional side including anxiety disorders, sadness, mood changes (becomes more sensitive, irritable, irritability), change in appetite (becoming more or less), insomnia, and difficulty concentrating.
The complaints usually goes away by itself within a period of four days after the first day of menstruation. The cause of PMS is not known with certainty. However, the cause is related to the fluctuation or change in the hormones estrogen and progesterone before menstruation.
How to cope with PMS?
PMS is handled based on symptoms (symptomatic therapy). Therapy to deal with STDs include:
Know yourself. Make a note on the complaints of the journal, what is felt before menstruation, and so on. Symptoms usually vary each month. Try to cope with the stress you experience. If you are experiencing anxiety, insensitive or excessive depression, you should consult further with the psychologist for counseling.
A healthy diet is important for physical and mental health. Make changes to your diet. Reduce consumption of caffeine, salt, and sugar. In addition, the supplement of vitamin B6, vitamin E, calcium and magnesium are also recommended.
Not only a healthy diet, aerobic exercise such as walking and swimming can also reduce the symptoms of PMS.
NSAID class of drugs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen can help reduce the symptoms of PMS. However, consult your physician first before taking any of these medicines.